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PotatoFi

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  1. PotatoFi

    Performa 476 Restoration

    Last night there were two more things to tackle: the power supply and the floppy drive. First, the power supply. To keep track of screws, I write a tiny number next to each screw hole with a Sharpie to keep track of where they all go. Uh-oh. It immediately became apparent that this Astec PSU is not the same as the Astec PSU that I recapped for @sclements last week. I ordered an identical set of caps... and they might not work here. Yeah, nope, they're not the same. I used my iPad Pro + Pencil to take note of what each caps specifications are, including diameter, height, and lead spacing. A few of the capacitors ended up working, including the big chokercap(tm), so I replaced what I could and left the rest. The good news is that there was no bulginess or cap juice anywhere. The new caps don't have red Sharpie marks on the tops. Next, the floppy drive. A screwdriver released the little clips on the sides. What the heck is this?! Ugh, more SMD electrolytic caps. If the drive ever stops working, I know where I'll look first. While it looks pretty corroded, I hit it with some alcohol and it looks the same. I think it's fine. I'm very unfamiliar with these drives, so I decided to not tear it down. I hit it with some compressed air, and cleaned it a bit with cotton swabs and alcohol where I could. I cleaned the gunk off the leadscrew for the read/write head, and added a drop of Dupont Silicon Lubricant, and reassembled it. And here it is, completely reassembled and ready to fire up! Now remember that I don't have a proper monitor for it, so I have to use my 2009-era Sharp Aquos LCD TV. It's very picky about input resolutions and refresh rates, so if it doesn't output 640x480, it probably won't work. I plugged everything in, fired it up and... After a chime, nothing. No video. No idea what could be wrong. I messed with the TV for about 15 minutes, because it wasn't showing any input signal at all (not even a warning about an incompatible signal), when suddenly it dawned on me... I'd forgotten the PRAM battery. My buddy @sclements will laugh, because earlier that day, he'd tried to boot up his Quadra 605 and had no video. When he checked the PRAM battery voltage, it was flat. A fresh battery immediately fixed the problem. And here I was, only about 6 hours later with the same problem, and I couldn't figure it out. A fresh PRAM battery, and then: It works! So... that's it, this machine is basically done! Currently, it has System 7.5.3, 20 MB of RAM, and the original 230mb hard drive, which seems to be working fine. It looks like the last time it was touched was around 1999. There's a few spreadsheets, and someone's W-2 (complete with social security numbers, yikes). It was fun to poke around a bit to see where the machine came from - looks like it was used in some kind of healthcare business in a nearby city. I'm surprised that the hard drive exited that environment intact. I'm glad it did for the sake of preservation, but I think I'd like to completely wipe it and install a fresh operating system. Future upgrades would be more RAM, and perhaps an Ethernet card. I think the hard drive is new enough that it might actually last awhile, so I'll hold off on a SCSI2SD. So, the big question. Which OS should I install? Keep in mind that I have a System 6 machine in my collection (Macintosh Plus), a System 7.0 machine (Macintosh SE FDHD), a Classic II, an SE/30, and a PowerBook 170... so I'm leaning towards making this my "System 8.1" machine. Any thoughts?
  2. PotatoFi

    Quadra 605 No Power

    Follow-up on this one: I specced out and purchased new caps, soldered them in, and it fixed it! I verified that it was outputting the right voltages on each pin before send it back to my friend, who said it booted right up. If you open up your Astec PSU and find that it is identical to mine, you can follow this link to add the same capacitors that I used to your cart on Digikey.
  3. PotatoFi

    Performa 476 Restoration

    After leaving the bottom half of the case under the UV lamp all night, I decided that it was done. Time to switch to Retrobrite for the top. I started out with it outside: Cloud cover was hit-and-miss, so I ended up leaving it under the UV lamp inside all night. After a full night, I was very sad to find that the metal shield inside had started to rust. I'd been warned about this here on the forums before but had forgotten. I didn't get a photo of the rust, but you can see a bit of it when I used flush cutters to remove the shield. Anywhere that the plastic touched metal was the first to rust. To address the rust, I soaked the whole thing in vinegar in a cookie sheet for a few hours (turning it on each side to get everything submerged for awhile), before scrubbing the rust with a toothbrush. Then I rinsed with water and left it in front of the gas fireplace to dry. I'm glad I learned my lesson on this Performa 476... this is a bit of a "test run" before I restore the LCII, which is slightly more important to me than the Performa, because it seems like the quintessential "pizza box" Mac to me. But how about the Retrobrite? Compared to the LCII, this looks perfect! The reality is that it's not - there are a few spots that have a tiny bit of yellow, but I think I'm going to stop while I'm ahead. It looks uneven in this photo, because it's still slightly damp, but don't worry, it looks pretty consistent in color when it's dry. Here it is next to the LCII again: The red band on the badge is a bit faded. When I bought it, I could tell that it was in direct sunlight whenever the seller's garage was open. I wonder if anyone will ever make reproduction badges? Sadly, the "GOOD" is still visible. Ugh. I thought this was as far as I'd get for the weekend, but look what arrived! I'm always shocked at how fast Digikey gets parts to me for $4.99 in shipping. I don't have any photos, but I cleaned up the shield and reinstalled it. It seemed to snap back into place, and didn't need any hot glue on the old plastic posts that I clipped off with the flush cutters. I didn't show this earlier, but when I took it apart, I found this awful "fix" for the hard drive power connector. The connector broke at some point, so someone soldered in these awful "pins" to fix it. Gross! Part of my Digikey order was a new connector to replace this. Figuring out which connector to buy was MUCH more difficult than soldering the new one in, which I'll show you now. Testing to make sure I have the connector oriented correctly. The anchors on each side only go in one way, but I wanted to be sure it was all correct before soldering it down. Next I desoldered the old "pins", and cleaned the holes out with desoldering braid. Also, check out those gorgeous capacitors! And there's the new connector installed! That looks so much better. Even though I'll probably end up putting a bus-powered SCSI2SD in this at some point, I couldn't stand it not being "right". I also didn't want to have to remove the logic board again either for fear of breaking the plastics. And besides, that hard drive might still work! And here it is, right now. Tonight, I'll clean the floppy drive out and recap the power supply (new caps came in that box from Digikey). I probably can't test it, as I don't have a VGA display other than my 2009-era Sharp Aquos TV, which is a bit picky about input resolutions and refresh rates. @sclements is sending me a VGA monitor, but I'll probably have to wait until it arrives to see if this thing works.
  4. PotatoFi

    Performa 476 Restoration

    Time to recap the logic board! Of all of the logic boards I've recapped, this is one of the cleanest. First, I removed this thing: For the 5th time, I used the "twist" method. So far, I've only lifted one pad doing that so far. On this board, things went perfectly. When I disconnected the hard drive power, it pulled out one of the "pins". On closer inspection, I realized that the Molex connector was completely gone, and someone had soldered something in place to work as pins. What a mess. I think the replacement I need is this part. I'll order one along with a set of capacitors for the power supply shortly. After twisting all of the old caps off, I fired up my soldering iron and heated up the pads, knocking the leftover legs off one at a time. After that, I went over each pad with desoldering braid to clean it up. They cleaned up very easily. Usually, I have to apply flux and burn through a bunch of corrosion but that wasn't the case here. After desoldering braid, I clean all of the pads with cotton swabs and isopropyl alcohol. Here you can see most of the caps removed, but I haven't cleaned up the pads yet. Image above with the power connector shows cleaned pads. Next, it was time to solder on caps. Here are prefilled Digikey shopping carts with the capacitors that I used: Quadra 605/Performa 475/Performa 476 Logic Board Capacitors: https://www.digikey.com/short/zjhq02 Astec Power Supply Capacitors: https://www.digikey.com/short/zjhq1d As usual, my process is to heavily tin one pad, heat the pad, slide the new capacitor into place, and remove heat (and then tweezers) when I'm satisfied with placement. Then, after double-checking polarity, I solder down the other side. Here are the results: One thing I like about these specific caps is that they look almost factory. You can barely tell that they were installed later. C19 is an example of a factory cap. Before I end this update, I made a bit more progress with the RetroBrite. After most of the day sitting indoors maintaining about 100°F, I moved the container outside, where ambient temp was 50°F. In sunlight, it would easily maintain 100°F, but if there was cloud cover for a significant amount of time, it would dip to 85°F. I think the $13 fish tank heater did a pretty good job! I think this is a viable solution for RetroBrite on cold but sunny days. After most of the day indoors under the UV lamp, and about 2 hours of hit and miss sunlight outside, I pulled the bottom out and rinsed it. It's about 95 percent done, which is where I think I will stop; I expect diminishing returns since my hydrogen peroxide is pretty thin and also cloudy since it's cream mixed with water. I decided to bring the container back inside (ambient temp 68°F in the house), put in the top half of the case, and leave it under the UV lamp all night. I'll report back tomorrow!
  5. PotatoFi

    Performa 476 Restoration

    I picked up a floppy enclosure, LCII, and Performa 476 on Craigslist! In this thread, I'll focus on the restoration of the Performa 476. At first glance, it doesn't look it, but this thing is pretty dirty! And of course, someone wrote "GOOD" on it with a Sharpie. It was good until you did that! I managed to get everything apart without breaking any clips. My hope is to put it back together once, so I don't risk breaking anything more than I have to. It does appear to have the original 230 MB hard drive. First, I want to Retrobrite the case. This will be tricky for a few reasons: 1. It's not sunny right now. 2. I'm completely out of liquid hyrdrogen peroxide... and because of Coronavirus, I want to stay home. I'm not sure that the beauty supply store would have what I need anyway, given the current situation. I do have 40 volume cream... I'll have to work with that. I needed to get the Apple badge out (retrobrite can cause it to fade), so I drilled a tiny hole in the metal shielding to push the badge out from the back. No shot of the hole here, but here's where I made the mark. Time for cleaning! As usual: a toothbrush and dish soap are my weapons of choice. I went as far as I could with the soap before switching to alcohol to work on that Sharpie "GOOD". And this is where I ran into problems. Normally, I'd grab some baking soda... but guess what we're out of? No problem, I'll go to the store and... nope, can't do that either. I ended up waiting a couple of days before one of our neighbors made a run to the store and asked if we needed anything. They left baking soda in a brown paper bag on our doorstep. Baking soda and a wet paper towel does remove a tiny, tiny bit of texture... but it works great for black marks and Sharpies. All clean now! As you can see, the bottom is pretty good, but the sides and top have varying degrees of yellowing. I decided to focus on the bottom first, so I could test retrobrite methods and get the machine back together sooner, as the top isn't specifically needed for assembly. No pictures of this part, but I first decided to do my indoor retrobrite method: a CFL UV "lizard" lamp in a cardboard box lined with tin foil, hydrogen peroxide cream, and plastic wrap. I did one 4-hour treatment, but abandoned the idea going forward for a couple of reasons: 1. We're running low on plastic wrap, and again, I can't go out to get more 2. I'm running a bit low on hydrogen peroxide cream 3. This can cause streaking if you're not careful... and I don't want to risk it So I decided to change plans. I filled a container with hot water and added a fish tank heater that should be able to maintain 92°F. Initial temp was about 110°F. Then, I added 1.5 cups of hydrogen peroxide cream, and mixed it in with a large whisk from the kitchen. Here you can see the water without the peroxide (it looks somewhat cloudy now, but you can see through it, sorta). On the container is a plastic lid (to avoid electrocution), and above that, the CFL UV lizard lamp. After 2 hours, I don't see a difference, but this method is probably very "low and slow". I might move it out into the sun if we get any today. Next, we'll recap the logic board! More on that soon.
  6. PotatoFi

    LCII, Performa 456, and empty 800k Floppy Enclosure

    I'm sure you're right about the motor. I did swab it out with with alcohol and drop some Teflon Silicone Lubricant on it, which is what I do with all of my drives. The gears looked great, actually the whole drive was one of the cleanest I've seen. Thanks again for hooking me up with it, having an external drive has been on my list for awhile, and having a SuperDrive is the icing on the cake!
  7. PotatoFi

    LCII, Performa 456, and empty 800k Floppy Enclosure

    The pictures don't really show it, but the 800k drive enclosure was pretty gross. I did the usual scrubbing: soap and water in the kitchen sink. It turns out that this thing is in basically perfect condition! Next, I procured a floppy drive. @LaPorta was kind enough to sell me a 1.44 mb SuperDrive! He also skipped his usual maintenance routine on it so I could do it myself. Nothing interesting to say there - tore it down, cleaned it, lubricated everything. Then, onto installation! I was missing basically all of the screws, but was thrilled to find that they're all M3's. I have a bunch on hand from building 3D printers over the years. They were mostly too-long, so I 3D printed little spacers to get everything to fit. No more photos to share... it's a drive! It works! For some reason the eject motor seems to labor a bit on it (I took apart the eject motor gears and lubricated them), but it seems to be getting better every time I eject a disk. It's super cool to have dual disk drives on a Mac!
  8. PotatoFi

    LC475 / Power Macintosh 8200 / Performa 630

    I just recapped an Astec PSU from a Quadra 605/Performa 475 this week! It was about $7. It came from a friend so I'm not sure what the behavior was before I recapped it but he said it didn't work. I've attached the BOM from DigiKey in .csv format if you decide that it's bad caps. Astec Quadra 605:475 PSU Capacitors.csv
  9. PotatoFi

    SE/30 PDS Adapter Epic Blunder

    I don't know what they are... but I want one.
  10. PotatoFi

    Quadra 605 No Power

    Okay, I'll be suspect of those as well, thanks for the tip! I don't have a capacitance meter, and on top of that, I didn't consider how easy it would be to connect it to mains power and check output voltages. I'm so awful at troubleshooting! I did find that one of the caps (THE BIG CHONKER) had leaked when I desoldered it, and a new set of caps was a whopping $7 from DigiKey (including the large one). So I'll clean the board, recap it, and troubleshoot further if that doesn't fix it. Shotgun troubleshooting, hooray!
  11. PotatoFi

    Quadra 605 No Power

    My buddy @sclements sent his Quadra 605's power supply to take a look at. It simply does not power on. I desoldered all of the capacitors (except the big chonker in the middle), and none of them look bad. Are there any common points of failure on these? Any chance that recapping it would fix it?
  12. PotatoFi

    Connecting a Newton to a Raspberry Pi

    I'm not sure about terminal emulation, but I did successfully create a dial-up server with a Raspberry Pi and a 56k modem that a Mac could dial into (directly) and access the internet. I don't see why you couldn't do it with a Newton. If you're interested I can get you a link to the forum post.
  13. PotatoFi

    LCII, Performa 456, and empty 800k Floppy Enclosure

    Awesome. I'm going to target getting a 1.44mb drive for this enclosure then. That will be super handy for copying disks and stuff!
  14. PotatoFi

    LCII, Performa 456, and empty 800k Floppy Enclosure

    The other thing I'll need to do is replace the screws. That might be tricky! If anyone happens to know what kind of screws go in the floppy drive, let me know.
  15. PotatoFi

    MessagePad 130 No Sound

    A friend (well, @sclements anyway) sent me a MessagePad 130 to tinker with. This one had a battery leak, so I took it apart to clean it out. The battery that leaked didn't seem to touch any circuitry. On reassembly, everything seems to work great except for the speaker! I can't get it to make any sound. Any common issues to look out for there?
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